Document Type: Original Article
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
Medical student, Student Research Committee, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
Introduction: Child abuse can cause psychological and delinquent and antisocial behaviors
in abused children. Family factors and parenting styles are among the important causes of
child abuse. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of child abuse and its
relationship with parenting styles among primary school children in Sanandaj in 2016-2017.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on primary school children who
resided in Sanandaj during 2016-2017. Study sample size was 393 children and sampling
method was cluster random sampling. Data was collected using Majdzadeh’s standard child
abuse questionnaire and Baumrind‘s parenting style questionnaire. Dispersion indices were
used for continuous variables and the chi-square test was used for categorical variables. The
level of statistical significance was set as P < 0.05.
Results: Out of 393 students 44.8% were boys and 55.2% were girls. The prevalence of
psychological-emotional child abuse was 74.2%, while physical and neglect child abuse
were observed 58.4% and 99% of the children respectively. Neglect child abuse was more
prevalent among girls while physical child abuse was more prevalent among boys. There
was a significant relationship between paternal occupation and physical child abuse (P =
0.017). Child abuse was significantly related to the birth order of children (p=0.008).
Among the parenting styles, authoritative parenting had a reverse and significant
relationship with physical child abuse (P = 0.009). There was no significant relationship
between other parenting styles and child abuse (P > 0.05).
Conclusion: Regarding the high prevalence of child abuse and its reverse relationship with
authoritative parenting style and physical child abuse, it is suggested for parents to use this