Utilization of Maternal Health Care Services in Urban and Rural Areas of Maharashtra in India: A Study Based on District Level Household Survey

Document Type : Original Article


IIPS, Govandi, Mumbai 400088



Background: Although maternal health in India has generally improved over the past two decades, the current Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) implies that India’s MMR is approximately 2.4 times higher than the set target in MDG-5. Study fills the gap by looking at women from the rural and urban areas with varying demographic and other socioeconomic attributes to find out their effect on Maternal and Child Health (MCH) service utilization in Maharashtra.
Objective: Using data from the District Level Household Survey 2007-08, study attempt to investigate the rural-urban differences in maternal health care service utilization in Maharashtra, India.
Data and Methods: This study use data from District Level Household Survey –conducted in 2007-08. The analysis carried out among ever-married women aged 15-49 years were interview from each districts of Maharashtra. Bi variate method used to fulfill the above objective.
Results: The result presented in the study shows that there is a huge gap in the utilization of maternal health service in the urban and rural area of Maharashtra. Women’s education through the media is more effective in the urban areas than in the rural areas, and wealth remains an issue particularly in the rural areas.
Conclusion: A sustained and focused Information Education and Communication campaign to improve the awareness amongst the community on MCH will help in improving the quality, accessibility, and utilization of maternal health care services provided by the government agencies in both rural and urban areas of Maharashtra, India.