Anticoagulant and cytotoxic assessment of L-amino acid oxidase from Indian cobra (Naja naja) venom

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Biotechnology, JSS Science & Technology university

2 Department of Biochemistry, JSS University, Mysore

3 Department of Biotechnology, JSS Science & technology university

4 Deaprtment of Chemistry, University of Mysore

5 Department of Biotechnology, JSS Science & Technology

Abstract

 
Introduction: Snake venom L-amino acid oxidase (SV-LAAO) has promising therapeutic prospects because of its effects on various biological functions. Purified Naja naja venom enzyme L-amino acid oxidase (NnLAAO) was studied to examine its anticoagulant and cytotoxic properties.
Methods: Activated partial prothrombin time (APPT) assay and prothrombin time (PT) both of these assays are used to access the anti-coagulant property of NnLAAO on human blood sample. Sulforhodamine B (SRB) protocol is performed on MDA MB-231and HCT 116 cell, which are treated with different doses (0.4µg-100µg) of NnLAAO for 48h incubation time, respectively, and the percentage of inhibition was compared with oxaloplatin as positive control.
Results: NnLAAO significantly prolonged the APPT and showed a negligible effect on the PT. NnLAAO inhibited cytotoxicity in a dose-dependent manner in both breast cancer MDA MB-231 and colon adenocarcinoma (HCT-116) cell lines with 60% and 78% of inhibition respectively.
Conclusion: The NnLAAO enzyme of Indian cobra venom is a promising anticoagulant as well an anticancer agent for various cell lines because of its efficiency and specificity, as it will offer better treatment and response with fewer side effects.

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