Correlation between type D personality and quality of life in heart failure patients

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD Candidate in Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery , Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch Karaj, Iran.‎

2 Social Security Alborz Hospital, Karaj, Iran

3 Social Security Shahriar Hospital, Tehran. Iran


Introduction: The quality of patient’s life with heart failure is affected by various physiological, psychosocial factors. This study is conducted to determine the correlation between type D personality and quality of life in heart failure patients.
Methods:  A descriptive correlational research design is planned here. Hundred heart failure patients were selected as sample through convenience sampling from two Social Security Hospitals in Karaj during early February 2012 to late December 2013. The Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ) and type-D personality questionnaire were completed in face-to-face interviews. Data was analyzed by SPSS version 18. 
Results: Significant correlation were found between type D personality and socioeconomic (r=0.239, P=0.017), mental (r=0.408, P<0.001) and total quality of life (r=0.266, P=0.008).
Conclusion: Type D personality in patients with heart failure is associated with poor quality of life. Screening type D personality in heart failure patients and using appropriate interventions can lead to improve the quality of life.



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